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Neurospine > Volume 19(2); 2022 > Article
DOI: https://doi.org/10.14245/ns.2143232.616    Published online May 17, 2022.
Original Surgical Treatment and Long-term Follow-up for Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy Causing a Compressive Cervical Myelopathy: Review of the Literature
Julien Rigal  , Emanuele Quarto  , Lisa Boue  , Laurent Balabaud  , Wendy Thompson  , Thibault Cloché  , Stephane Bourret  , Jean Charles Le Huec 
Vertebra, Polyclinique Bordeaux Nord Aquitaine, Bordeaux, France
Corresponding Author:  Jean Charles Le Huec
Email: jclehuec1@gmail.com
Received: November 20, 2021   Revised: March 21, 2022   Accepted: March 21, 2022
Abstract
Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) is a chronic relapsing disease of unknown aetiology. The diagnosis of this disease is still very complicated. The treatment is medical but, in some cases, a surgical decompression might be required. In rare cases it develops a radicular hypertrophy that can cause a cervical myelopathy; this pathology should be put in differential diagnosis with neurofibromatosis 1 and CharcotMarie-Tooth (CMT) syndromes. The cases of CIDP cervical myelopathy reported in the literature are rare and even more rarely a surgical decompression was described. Here we report a first and unique case of CIDP cervical myelopathy treated with an open-door laminoplasty technique with 10-year postoperative follow-up (FU). The surgical decompression revealed to be effective in stopping the progression of myelopathy without destabilizing the spine. The patient that before surgery presented a severe tetraparesis could return to walk and gain back his self-care autonomy. At 10-year FU he did not complain of neck pain and did not develop a cervical kyphosis. In case of cervical myelopathy caused by radicular hypertrophy, CIDP should be kept in mind in the differential diagnosis and an open-door laminoplasty is indicated to stop myelopathy progression.
Keywords: Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, Cervical myelopathy, Laminoplasty, Open-door, Cervical decompression, Postoperative kyphosis


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