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Korean J Spine Search


Study on Complications of Transforaminal Lumbar Epidural Block
Sun-Ju Choi, R.N., Sung-Ryul Bae, R.N., Sung-Wha Suh. R.N., Sang-Dae Kim, M.D.1,Se-Hoon, Kim, M.D.1 and Jung-Yul Park, M.D.1
Department of Nursing Service, Department of Neurosugery1, Korea University Medical Center, Ansan Hospital
추간공 경유 경막외 차단술 환자의 합병증에 대한 조사 연구
고려대학교 의료원 안산병원 간호부, 신경외과학교실1
To study on the incidence of complications from C-arm guided lumbar transforaminal epidural injections in patients with radiculopathy caused by either lumbar spinal stenosis or herniated intervertebral disc. Materials & Methods: A total of 1200 patients with back/leg pain for more 3 months and received therapeutic injections in recent 1-year period was evaluated. All procedures were performed by one neurosurgeon with careful monitoring by nursing staffs during and after the procedures. Two party observers reviewed medical charts including immediate postprocedure com- plications using standardized questionnaire.
Average 1.9 injections per patient were done. Complications per injection seen included 12 transient headaches (0.9%), 5 increased back pain(0.4%), 4 increased leg pain(0.3%), 4 facial flushing(0.3%), 2 increased blood sugar in an insulin-dependent diabetic(0.2%), 1 vasovagal reaction(0.08%), and 1 hypertension(0.08%). All of these complications resolved within several hours to 2 weeks and there were no need for further specific management. There were no major or permanent complications. The incidence of minor complications was 2.3% per injection. All reactions resolved without morbidity.
Although effectiveness varies with different pathologies, the C-arm guided lumbar transforaminal epidural injection seems to be a safe and effective procedure for these patients when carefully performed and closely observed with appropriate nursing care.
Keywords: Herniated intervertebral disc, Lumbar, Epidural, Nerve block, Nursing care, Complication

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